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Weak Evidence Suggests Vegetarian Diets May Be Associated With an Increased Risk of Dental Erosion

Weak Evidence Suggests Vegetarian Diets May Be Associated With an Increased Risk of Dental Erosion



Weak Evidence Suggests Vegetarian Diets May Be Associated With an Increased Risk of Dental Erosion




Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice, 2021-03-01, Volume 21, Issue 1, Article 101524, Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc.


Article Title and Bibliographic Information

Vegetarian diet and its possible influence on dental health: A systematic literature review. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. Smits KPJ, Listl S, Jevdjevic M . 2020; 48(1):7-13.

Source of Funding

No financial support.

Type of Study/Design

Systematic review with meta-analysis.

SORT SCORE
A B C D
SORT, Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy Grading.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
1 2 3
See page 101566 for complete details regarding SORT and LEVEL OF EVIDENCE grading system.


Summary


Subjects or Study Selection

Four electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CINAHL) were searched for experimental or observational studies in adults or children pertinent to the association between following a vegetarian diet and oral health, tooth disease, periodontal disease, or gingival disease. Selection criteria were not articulated, yet are presumed to include studies a) comparing subjects following a vegetarian versus a nonvegetarian diet, and b) measuring noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL), dental caries, and tooth loss.


Key Study Factor

Subjects following any type of vegetarian diet void of meat, poultry, or fish were compared with subjects following nonvegetarian diets that included meat, poultry, or fish.


Main Outcome Measure

Three oral health outcomes of interest were investigated: 1) NCCL, including dental erosion, abrasion, and cervical buccal defects, 2) caries defined as decayed, missing, or filled teeth or surfaces or the presence of dental caries, lesions, or white spots, and 3) the number missing or present teeth or edentulousness.


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